Diabetes is a common chronic disease that affects millions of people per year in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 34.2 million people have diabetes, which is around one in ten people.
Unfortunately, one in five people doesn’t know they have diabetes, making the risk of complications large.
The figures for prediabetes are also higher. Approximately 88 million people are considered pre-diabetic, which is one in three people around the nation. More than eight in every ten individuals in this category do not know why they are considered prediabetic.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a category of diseases that influence the body’s use of blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is the dominant form of sugar in the blood and the primary energy supply for the cells of the body. Glucose emerges from the food we consume. The body will also generate glucose for energy. Glucose is transferred through the bloodstream to the cells. Several hormones, including insulin, control blood glucose levels. Glucose is crucial to your wellbeing and it is an essential source of energy for the cells that make up the muscles and tissues of the body.
Chronic diabetes disorders include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes disorders include gestational diabetes that happens during breastfeeding and pre-diabetes when the blood sugar levels are higher than average, but not elevated enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Glucose is calculated in a variety of ways, including by taking another blood test to determine whether you have diabetes.
What are Diabetic levels?
The first measurement includes checking your fasting glucose. You need to fast from 10-12 hours for this exam. Your blood is drawn and the amount of glucose is measured. The standard range is between 70 mg/dL and 99 mg/dL.
If the glucose is between 100 mg/dL and 125 mg/dL, it is considered high and can be a precursor to prediabetes. ‘
If the labs come back and the glucose is 126 mg/dL or more, you’d be on the road to diabetes. The doctor wants to see a reading of 126 mg/dL on two different checks to identify a patient with diabetes.
A broad class of medications was used to reduce blood pressure and cure a number of other disorders, including irregular heartbeat and nausea, but they can also increase blood sugar levels. A diabetic patient should avoid taking Erectile dysfunction medicines like Sildenafil or Tadalafil Vidalista 20.
Types of diabetes
Diabetes is not a single disease. There are four functional types for various reasons, lifestyle factors and severity levels.
Type 1 diabetes
Since this type of diabetes is mostly diagnosed in teenagers, teens, and young adults, it is also known as juvenile diabetes. Type 1 diabetes happens when the body can not make enough insulin. If you are a diabetic of type 1, you will need to take insulin every day to survive. Type 1 diabetes cannot be avoided or cured, it can only be controlled. With careful management, millions of Americans live a long, stable life with this disease.
Type 2 diabetes
Often known as adult-onset diabetes, type 2 diabetes happens because the body can not use the insulin it produces successfully. This bad use means that the body can not keep your blood sugar levels normal. This type of diabetes accounts for 90-95 percent of cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be avoided or postponed due to improvements in a healthier lifestyle.
This form of diabetes exists in pregnant women who have never been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before. Gestational diabetes normally disappears when you have a baby. However, in potential pregnancy, you are more likely to suffer from this form of diabetes.
This form is not known to be diabetic, since the blood sugar is not high enough. Without dietary modifications, however, prediabetes will rapidly turn into type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder that comes with a lengthy range of symptoms. The magnitude of these effects depends on how much blood sugar you have. The higher the blood sugar in your body, the more extreme the effects.
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Presence of ketones in the urine
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections
Diabetic food and Diet plan for Diabetes
Taking a proper diet helps not only to lose weight but also to regulate blood sugar levels. Patients with diabetes should adopt a healthy and nutritious diet. The list of the following items could be useful.
- Fries and masala products need to be decreased.
- Sugars should be removed to the full degree practicable.
- Carbonated beverages, such as tea, Pepsi, etc., can be stopped.
- New fruits and vegetables must always be taken instead of fruit juices, etc.
- Carbohydrates have a very large influence on blood sugar levels. Foods that are high in sugars must also be prevented. Carbohydrates that are mixed with fibre such as sweet potatoes, brown rice, peas, and leafy green vegetables can be taken.
- Some of the fats may be toxic. So, the option of fats is really critical. Natural fats are ideal for patients with diabetes, whereas chemical fats can have a negative effect on them. Meat, olive oil, almonds, avocados, tuna and linseeds are a rich source of natural fat.
- At the end of the day, being more involved will fight diabetes. Studies have shown that 150 minutes of moderate exercise a week will help lower the risk of developing diabetes.
Please contact your doctor for more information.