Blood pressure is the force that the blood exerts against the lining of the vessel. It is measured using a basic gadget called a sphygmomanometer, consisting of an inflatable cuff that floats across the upper arm and a column of mercury or a pressure dial. As the cuff is inflated, it tightens around the arm and prevents the passage of blood into the main artery of the arm. When the cuff is slowly removed, the person taking the blood pressure uses a stethoscope to listen to the blood flow back. One tone represents the overall force that happens with the heartbeat. This is the systolic pressure, the greater the blood pressure reading of the two numbers. The second or lower number, referred to as diastolic pressure, represents the lowest volume of pressure that exists between heartbeats.
The blood pressure in everyone changes in the course of a day. As predicted, it is normally lower when relaxing or engaging in quiet tasks, and can spur up during a sudden outbreak of activity, such as rushing to catch a bus or workout. Aging also affects blood pressure; it is generally lower in infants and steadily grows as we get older. Though there is some difference as to how high blood pressure is, the average normal blood pressure for healthy children is around 90/60, while the normal adult average varies from 100/85 to 135/90. Diastolic pressure higher than 95 in an otherwise stable patient is found suspiciously high and a reading of 140/100 will typically be diagnosed as hypertension that should be treated. Most experts agree that any diastolic pressure that is regularly greater than 95 should be viewed.
Causes of High blood pressure ( Hypertension )
This is known as secondary hypertension, and the treatment of the primary condition would generally cure elevated blood pressure.
Although the cause of primary hypertension is unclear, a variety of causes tend to raise the risk of experiencing primary hypertension. This involves the family history of elevated blood pressure or early strokes, tobacco smoking, obesity, and heavy salt consumption. Altering or avoiding all risk factors would not inherently eliminate hypertension, but they are all considered to have a role to play. Cutting sodium consumption, avoiding smoking, or reducing weight may be necessary to prevent borderline elevated blood pressure from evolving into free hypertension. This is especially true in teenagers or young adults whose blood pressure might be at the upper end of the normal range. Before tacking any erectile dysfunction medication like sildenafil Kamagra oral jelly please consult with your doctor.
Treatments of high blood pressure
Over the past few years, hundreds of highly effective antihypertensive drugs have been developed and have completely revolutionized the treatment of this condition. At one time, the only treatment available for high blood pressure was surgery, which was not always successful, or a severe reduction in salt consumption, which in some cases required surviving on a diet of mostly fruit and rice. Many cases of high blood pressure will now be managed by medications that can be administered alone or in combination.
There is three major antihypertensive medicine:
- Diuretics, ‘water medicines,’ extract extra salt from the bloodstream and reduce the amount of blood to be circulated into small blood vessels, decreasing some of the pressure on the body.
- Beta-blockers and other agents that function on the nervous system to curb the outflow of brain impulses that trigger blood vessels to constrict or operate elsewhere to suppress their impact.
- Vasodilators work directly on the muscles in the walls of the blood vessels, allowing them to relax and extend, or “dilate.”
In addition, a new class of medications, known as Benin axis blockers, has recently become available that interact with the development of a potent vessel-constricting compound in the body, as well as with the activity of the hormone aldosterone, which allows the body to absorb salt and water.
Since there are multiple antihypertensive medications and formulations, successful therapy that reduces blood pressure with a lack of adverse side effects will almost always be identified. If you experience side effects such as unusual tiredness, dizziness or fainting while standing, exhaustion, or any other signs that you believe might be linked to the antihypertensive medications, tell the doctor. It may either be acute, or it may be something that can be remedied by changing the regime. In either case, note the recovery is typically life-long. Medications will keep elevated blood pressure under control, but they will not heal the condition. When you stop taking medications, your blood pressure will either return to its former level or rise. It is also especially critical that you obey the orders of your doctor and return for frequent tests.
High blood pressure is the most common severe condition in the United States. However, once diagnosed, most cases can be managed by the use of antihypertensive medications and, if necessary, by dietary modifications such as smoking abstinence or loss of extra weight. Treatment is typically life-long, but if elevated blood pressure is lowered to normal, the patient can expect to live a normal life without significant involvement with day-to-day activities.