What is cardiovascular disease?
A very broad phrase is the expression “heart disease”. Problems may occur within the heart muscle, arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle, or valves within the heart that pump blood in the right direction. Understanding the distinctions between each heart condition may serve to complicate the use of the word heart disease. The most common type of heart failure and the main cause of death for both sexes in the United States is coronary artery disease or CAD. The arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood are impaired by coronary artery disease. These coronary arteries are hardened and narrowed by the build-up of waxy cholesterol, a fatty material referred to as plaque.
This plate buildup is known as atherosclerosis. The spike in plaque buildup renders the coronary arteries narrower. It would decrease blood supply, reducing the amount of oxygen supplied to the heart muscle. Decreasing the amount of oxygen provided to the heart muscle will cause angina (chest pain) and cause a heart attack. Over time, coronary artery disease can weaken the heart muscle that contributes to heart failure and arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms). Coronary heart disease is another confounding cause of heart disease. Coronary heart disease is not the same as coronary artery disease. Although coronary artery disease refers to coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease refers to coronary artery disease and subsequent complications. This involves symptoms such as chest pain, heart failure, and scar tissue caused by a heart attack. Understanding this slight distinction between the two will impress the cardiologist.
A very strong correlation occurs between erectile dysfunction and heart disease. Several tests have found that he has a higher chance of developing heart disease if a man has ED. Getting ED is as much a heart disease risk factor as a history of smoking or a history of coronary artery disease in the household.
Cardiomyopathy is a disease that affects the heart’s muscles. Cardiomyopathy may be inherited or may be caused by a viral infection. Primary cardiomyopathy is due to a single cause; (hypertension, congenital heart defects, heart valve disease). Secondary cardiomyopathy is due to a particular cause (diseases affecting other organs).
Forms of cardiomyopathy
There are three major forms of cardiomyopathy. Diluted cardiomyopathy is the enlargement and stretching of the heart muscle. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy allows the muscle to thicken. Restrictive cardiomyopathy allows the ventricles of the heart to become too stiff, making blood supply to the ventricles impossible during the beats of the heart. Valvular heart disease is a disease that affects the valve of the heart. The valves inside the heart keep the blood circulating in the right direction. Harm to the valves can be caused by a number of conditions leading to regurgitation or insufficiency (leaking valve), prolapse (improper valve closure), or stenosis (narrowing of the valve). Valvular heart disease can be inherited. Valvular heart disease can also be caused by certain diseases, such as rheumatic fever, and certain medicines or radiation therapies for cancer.
The pericardium is a bag that covers the nucleus. The pericardial disorder is inflammation (pericarditis), stiffness (constrictive pericarditis) or retention (pericardial effusion), or pericardium. The pericardial disorder can be caused by multiple factors, such as those that arise following a heart attack. Congenital heart disease is a type of heart disease that happens before birth. Congenital heart disease is a very large term. However, these disorders typically affect the development of heart muscles, chambers, or valves.
Examples involve coarctation or narrowing of a segment of the aorta; the atrial or ventricular septal defect is referred to as a heart hole. Congenital heart disease should be more correctly defined as an inborn condition that occurs in about 1% of births. Congenital heart disease may be inherited (hereditary) or caused by diseases such as German measles acquired while pregnant. However, experts are currently researching causes that may cause congenital heart disease.
Heart failure is another form of heart attack characterized by the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the arteries and tissues of the body. When the body’s vital organs may not receive adequate blood oxygen, certain signs and symptoms can arise, such as shortness of breath, weakness, and fluid retention. Congestive heart disease is a form of heart failure that contributes to fluid build-up in the body. It is important to remember that not all heart failures are congestive. Heart failure can be due to other cardiovascular disorders, such as cardiomyopathy or coronary heart disease. Heart disease can occur abruptly or evolve over several years.
The month of February is the month of national heart disease recognition. However, there should be knowledge of heart attacks every day. knowledge starts with recognizing the various forms of heart disease. A diet and lifestyle that are beneficial to heart health will make a difference in life and being a statistic.